By Natnael Workneh
Amhara is one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa. It has more than 3000 years of recorded statehood. Amhara fathers and mothers established a country of Ethiopia by allowing others to settle in their lands and coexist. The foundation of Ethiopia as an East African nation was engineered so carefully that the country became increasingly strong and gained international prominence. One evidence to show this is that it had resisted the era of colonialism successfully and registered in history as the only country in Africa that never been colonized.
When it comes to the internal political situation of Ethiopia, one can see that the country has passed through three regime changes within the past century: the Imperial regime by Emperor Hailesilassie, the socialist regime by a military group also known as the Dergue , and the ethno-federal regime by Tigray People Liberation Front (TPLF), a minority group that hailed from Tigray region. (Tigray is a tiny region that represents only 6% of Ethiopia but controlled the political and economic power of the whole country at 100%). Oppressive as they are, the first two regimes were nationalists and tried to administer the people of Ethiopia on equal eyes.
Over and above its dictatorial behavior, the third and present regime (TPLF), which is in power for the past 25 years, has consistently affirmed its anti-Amhara stance. It was in 1972 they declared this shameful and Nazi German type Manifesto for the first time. In 1991, they controlled the whole Ethiopia and started implementing their plan of destroying the people of Amhara socially, politically, and economically. During the past 25 years, about 5 million Amharas have been killed or disappeared. As a quick reference for this, in 2008, the national parliament already admitted that 2.5 million Amhara people have disappeared. The parliament also confirmed that while the annual national average for population growth is 2.4 percent, the Amhara population growth is only at 1.7%. The growth for other ethnic groups ranges from 2.2% to 4.00%. There are substantial evidences that showed TPLF controlled government has ordered birth control injection drug that led to permanent infertility of the Amhara mothers.
It all started in Wolkait Amhara 40 years ago way before TPLF controlled the whole Ethiopia. They killed a lot of Amharas in that region and forcefully annexed fertile Amhara lands of Wolkait and Raya to Tigray region. They also detached Metekel, another huge Amhara land, and gave it to a newly designed region that allowed Tigriayans to resettle in it. The whole purpose of this exercise was to eliminate the people of Amhara and its possessions. The people of Amhara were hoping that TPLF would stop its genocidal act and forceful annexation and work towards national consensus after it came to power in 1991. On the flipside, TPLF reaffirmed its hate to the people of Amhara by performing ethnic cleansing and genocide acts consistently.
In July 2016, as the TPLF genocide agents were trying to kill more Amharas in Gondar, the Amhara people decided to confront. The people of Amhara successfully deterred the killers to the extent that some members of the killing squad were killed back. Hence, the first victory for the Amhara people over the genocidal regime of TPLF has been registered.
Following the incident in Gondar, the people of Amhara is planning a peaceful demonstration on Sunday July 31, 2016 in the city of Gondar to inform the world its right to exist in its own land, to reclaim its Amhara identity, to administer itself freely, and pursue happiness as a people. More than half a million people are expected to attend. In contrary to this, the TPLF regime is galvanizing its special forces to dismantle this peaceful demonstration as well as to perform more genocide acts on the people of Amhara. Local people informed that government commandos and trained killers are positioned in and around the city of Gondar and already started terrorizing the people. We, therefore, urge the international community, news agencies, human rights organizations, and other peace loving individuals and institutions to follow this event very closely and be a voice for the voiceless. More specifically, we request international journalists to cover this event so that the whole world knows about it.