Ethiopia: Colour Revolution Is Not So Colourful or Peaceful

By Mesekrem Lemma

Today the world is changing, and more subtle technologies of colour revolutions are replacing the armed coups technologies. Colour revolutions are a technology of the implementation of coups and of external control of the political situation in a country, under the conditions of an artificially created political instability using mainly the youth protest movement as a tool, converting it into a political crowd and using this power against the current government as an instrument of political blackmail.

The reasons for the increased attention to the colour revolutions lie in the fact that during the last three years there were coups in a number of countries with completely stable political regimes, which led to full or partial dismantling of the political regimes that for many years successfully resisted external and internal enemies.

Andrew Korybko, a political analyst, (Center for Syncretic Studies 2014) among others noted, colour Revolutions are one of the newest models of state destabilization. They allow external actors to plead plausible deniability when accused of illegally interfering in the domestic affairs of a sovereign state, and their mass mobilization of 'people power' renders them highly effective in the eyes of the global media. Additionally, the conglomeration of large numbers of civilians protesting the government also increases pressure on that said government and limits its options in effectively dealing with the ongoing destabilization.

"Ideology is the central focus of any change within the world, and it is the guiding idea that motivates all of the other factors affecting a Colour Revolution. Without ideology, everything that follows is empty and devoid of meaning and purpose. The traditional ideology motivating all Colour Revolutions is Liberal Democracy, and it seeks to 'free' targeted states from perceived anti-Liberal Democratic (non-Western) governments."

Mass rallies, protest marches, and strikes which are held by usually losing opposition after the announcement of the results of elections are major characteristic features of colour revolutions. The colour revolutions only resemble real revolutionary movements. Unlike the real revolutions, caused by the objective development of the historical process, the colour revolutions are technologies that are successfully masquerading as natural processes. They differ in the level of an almost theatrical drama that Western political scientists are diligently trying to pass off as natural and spontaneous manifestations of the will of the people that suddenly decided to regain the right to govern their own country.

There is only one underlying model of a colour revolution. It is the creation of the protest movement and turning it into a political crowd and directing its aggression to the current government, in order to get it to voluntarily withdraw from public office and to give up control of the country. The second sign is the coverage of these protests by the Western media, in which there are signs of and the elements of information warfare.

If it is a colour revolution, the support for the opposition groups from the outside is a prerequisite of its success. The organization of large-scale protests, even the ones that look spontaneous, is very expensive. None of the forces within the country, sympathetic to the rebels, have such funds. As a rule, the channels of financial income in the country to organize a colour revolution are quite easily detected by the financial intelligence.

As for a coup to be successfully conducted, it is rather important to create an unfavorable image of the in-power-head of a state, or the opponent for instance, in case of upcoming elections. Weeks before the elections all of the opposition organizations, groups of protest, liberal circles and alliances, leaning on the potential of supporters from abroad, including financial ones, become more active. The arranging of mass rallies in capital cities becomes a decisive stage of the operation. Subsequently the blockade or non-violent seizure of power institutions and authorized mass media is implemented, then tent camps arranging follows and the life gets paralyzed. The funds, equipment, professional consultants, and instructors are allotted to prepare such "attack".

There are two versions of the explanation of the causes of the colour revolutions: The version of spontaneity and a version of the recreation of the colour revolutions (random and not). Both versions have a right to exist, and both are not certain.

Supporters of spontaneity of the colour revolutions insist that the cause of the revolution is the objective social contradictions that are manifested in the forms of popular uprisings and mass protests of the "oppressed" people. Poverty, fatigue regimes, the craving for democratic change, and demographic situation are cited as such reasons.

Meanwhile, when we look at the socio-political situation in almost every country where there was a colour revolution, it often turns out that the existing contradictions and social breaks were not their main and only reason, although they have become a catalyst for the subsequent events.

The supporters of the recreation of the colour revolutions indicate multiple repeatable scenarios (a democratic template) of these revolutions in various countries around the world that are very different both in terms of the political system, and in the nature of the socio-political problems. They claim that all the coloured revolutions are "a blueprint," and the likelihood of the recurrence of the same event on the same pattern in nature is negligible. On the basis of these findings, supporters of the recreation of the colour revolutions point to a number of grounds, on which any externally spontaneous popular revolt can set a colour revolution. This clearly indicates that the colour revolutions, in principle, cannot be the realizations of the objective hopes and aspirations of the majority of the population.

Despite the bright brand name, there is nothing revolutionary about them. Even today, the Western media says that the colour revolutions, which they call the technology operations to export democracy through civil disobedience, are so perfected that their methods have become a guide to changing political regimes.

Colour revolution is not "soft power." It is a hacking tool of democratic regimes in transition. Ultimately, the "colour revolutions" do not lead to anything positive, either in economy or politics. The revolts are carefully planned and plotted. In fact, overthrowing a country by means of civil unrests is far cheaper than sending troops to attack and destroy it.

The 12 Steps of colour revolution:

1. Dispatch western intelligence officers as students, tourists, volunteers, businessmen, and reporters to the target country

2. Set up non-governmental organisations (NGOs) under the guise of humanitarianism to fight for "democracy" and "human rights" in order to attract advocates of freedom and ideals

3. Attract local traitors and especially academics, politicians, reporters, soldiers, etc., through bribery, or threaten those who have some stain in their life

4. If the target country has labour unions, bribe them

5. Pick a catchy theme or colour for the revolution. Examples include the Prague spring (1968), Velvet revolution (Eastern Europe, 1969), Rose revolution (Georgia, 2003), Cedar revolution (Lebanon, 2005), Orange revolution (Ukraine), Green revolution (Iran), Jasmin revolution, Arab Spring and even Hong Kong's Umbrella revolution

6. Start protests for whatever reasons to kick off the revolution. It could be human rights, democracy, government corruption or electoral fraud. Evidence isn't necessary; any excuse will do

7. Write protests signs and banners in English to let Americans see and get American politicians and civilians involved

8. Let those corrupted politicians, intellectuals and union leaders join the protests and call upon all people with grievances to join

9. The US and European mainstream media help continuously emphasize that the revolution is caused by injustice thereby gaining the support of the majority

10. When the whole world is watching, stage a false-flag action. The target government will soon be destabilised and lose support among its people

11.Add in violent agent provocateurs to provoke the police to use force. This will cause the target government to lose the support of other countries and become "deligitimized" by the international community

12. Send politicians to the US, EU and UN to petition so that the target government will face the threat of economic sanctions, no-fly zones and even airstrikes and an armed rebel uprising. Therefore, it is not by spontaneous civil movements that countries are overthrown.