By ESAT News

The Ogaden News Agency reported that heavy fighting took place between the Ogaden National Liberation Army (ONLA) and TPLF regime forces in Ogaden.

“TPLF regime forces were engaged in harassment activities around the Dumodlay Village of Qabri-dahar district including rape, beatings, and arbitrary detention,” the report said.

The Ogaden National Liberation Army attacked the regime’s forces in Dumodlay Village on the 15th of December, 2016 and has caused considerable damage against regime forces, killing 6 soldiers and wounded 8 others, according to ONA.

The TPLF regime in Ethiopia has been accused of perpetrating numerous human rights violations in the Ogaden region, as documented by human rights groups.

“Ogaden is war-zone and the conflict between ONLF Army and TPLF regime forces is on daily basis,” the report further said.
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Latest News in Ethiopia (Dec. 20)



TPLF’s decades long “Divide and Rule policy” cracking the Ethiopian Diaspora opposition once again

By Muluken Gebeyew

After 25 years of brutal ruling, TPLF has been severely shaken by the new generation peaceful struggle launched in the last one year. The youth, mostly born and brought up in the last 25 years have rebelled against TPLF’s ideology, policy and oppressive regime.

The youth in Gondar demonstration cracked the strong wall, the famous TPLF’s “divide and rule policy” when they said “Stop killing our Oromo brothers”, “Oromo’s blood is my blood”. This galvanised the existing Oromo youth’s peaceful struggle. The country was caught by spirit of change and the whole Ethiopia was “on fire”. TPLF tried every means to quash the struggle but failed. TPLF forced to launch “State of Emergency”.

Sadly, some vocal Diaspora political activists poured cold water on the struggle of the domestic youth by immersing themselves and actively engaging pro-TPLF activities. Instead of learning from the past 25 years weakness, once again the Diaspora politicians who consider themselves as “the leader” instead of “supporter” prepared to eat the fruits of the youth’s revolution before it ripe. Instead of working in partnership and uniting the opposition force against TPLF, some went far to be in the TPLF casino to play the age old games. Some declared how to disjoint Ethiopia; some others called conferences of single ethnic group as if the rest of Ethiopian nationals are “foreign” or not oppressed by TPLF led regime. Even those who are known for their Ethiopian agenda shamefully goes to micro division in ethnicity. Some launched war against ESAT, the most important alternative voice of Ethiopian people.

ESAT has been dong great job in fighting the TPLF propaganda and being the voice of the voiceless. ESAT can have its weakness but to launch war against ESAT is betrayal against the Ethiopian people and prolonging TPLF rule.

TPLF survived from death bed by this Diaspora based political activists betrayal of the domestic youth revolution. The strong wall of “divide and rule ” policy which was cracked by the domestic youths unfortunately well mended by the vocally active Diaspora political activists.
TPLF, of course invested all its resources for such to divide the Diaspora political activism from proactively supporting the popular movement at home. TPLF’s paid mercenaries are able to infiltrate the Diasporas political activism and trapped it in their decade long “divide them by their ethnicity and religion, weaken them and rule” policy.

Once again, lets learn from our mistakes we have been doing again and again. Lets listen what the youths at home told us to work in partnership and unit our force against TPLF. Our role is not to “lead” but to “support” the home based struggle.

Ethiopia is home for all of us. We can build a country where no one is discriminated by ethnicity, religion, gender, ability, age, political opinion or other factors. The common enemy which is killing and imprisoning Ethiopians is TPLF.

Never abandon those brothers and sisters at home fighting TPLF’s led regime. Never give up. Had our forefathers gave up due to the might of Italian military forces, we would have been different people and our identity lost.

Open your eyes and ears, let’s listen the people back home and support the struggle in united approach! Let’s stand and work together to be owners of our country!

Musician Freselam Mussie holding the TPLF flag in Tigray, Ethiopia. Freselam is a victim of TPLF's new Agaiazian brainwashing agenda. 


TPLF’s New “Agaiazian” Agenda is The Old and Worn-out “Tigrai-Tigrigna”.


If you believe the Tigrai Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF) will stop surprising you, even for one minute, then you are wrong. Recently, the TPLF that deported more than 70,000 Eritreans because the color of their eyes was different, woke up from its deep sleep to find out that in fact the people of Ethiopia and Eritrea were related. To be specific, it believes the Tigrigna Speaking Eritreans are related to the Tigrigna Speaking Tigreans because they come from common ancestors called “Agaiazians”. Yes, from deep of it heart TPLF believes there are common threats to the newly named and TPLF baptized “Agaiazians. TPLF wants us to believe that the common threats are the Oromo’s, the Amhara’s and off course the Moslems and it is important for the “Agaiazians” to come together and fight their enemies.

Here you have. The TPLF that instigated a border war and killed more than 19,000 Eritreans and still continues to occupy sovereign Eritrean territories, planned and executed a failed economic, political and military siege against Eritrea suddenly woke up from its deep sleep and found out that Eritreans are in fact related to Ethiopians and particularly to Tigreans. For those who have gone through the worn-out “Tigrai-Tigrini” propaganda, TPLF’s new “Agaiazians” agenda is nothing but a laughing stock. However, for those who are new to the propaganda, investigating it a little further may not hurt at all. The propaganda is pushed at three fronts: Simerr Paltalk, Aiga forum and the so called “Agaiazianstv”.

“Simerr Paltalk”.

Some months ago the TPLF financed “Simerr Paltalk” was in turmoil. The reason for that turmoil was because some unsuspecting members of the pal talk found out that $5000 was deposited to their bank account without their knowledge. When the news leaked, it was discovered that a Woyane operative by the name Berhe Desta “Aka Pilot” was in fact the one who brought the money from TPLF and incentivized those who performed well in the pal talk. To be clear good performance in “Simerr Pal talk” is measured by the person’s effectiveness in attacking the people and government of Eritrea. Remember Berhe Desta’s (Aka Pilot) first assignment was to defame the Eritrean women fighters and undermine their contribution to the liberation of Eritrea. I bet he must have been paid a lot of money for that. By the way that explains the mind set of TPLF.

Back to the story. Based on that measurement of effectiveness, those who performed well were entitled to the $5000 TPLF incentive and were paid accordingly. As the turmoil progressed some members, obviously those who did not receive the incentive, asked for every administrator in the Pal talk to disclose his/her identity. When the question was posed to the main TPLF stooge and Bereket Simon’s personal messenger who goes by the nick name “Amiche”, he started performing a circus in the already circus filled Pal talk room. First he said he would tell his identity only to some select administrators. When pushed further, he said he was from the Tigrina Ethnic group. Again when probed further he argued that he did not have to name the country or village because the Tigrina of Eritrea were the same as the Tigrina of Tigrai. Here you have, Amiche was forced to expose the hidden “Agaiazians” agenda given to him by his TPLF bosses.

Aiga Forum

After the TPLF was totally rejected by the Oromos and Amharas, the “Agaiazians” propaganda started to get some traction in Aigaform. On September 13, 2016 a writer by the pen name “Abadi Abay” provided a detailed analysis of the “Agaiazians” agenda. Unconfirmed reports describe the person behind the commentary as being Bereket Simon. The fact that Aiga forum is considered the mouth piece of TPLF, the commentary was a clear evidence that in fact the Agazian agenda has been pushed by TPLF at the highest level. Some Eritreans were angry at the commentary and gave a rebuttal to it. Mr. Abadi Abay never responded. For those who are interested, you can read Mr. Abadi Abay’s analysis on the link below.


“Agaiazians” TV.

Since the commentary was published at Aiga forum, it has been common to see different TPLF operatives repeating the “Agaiazians” agenda. What is different about the YouTube based so called “Agaiaziantv” is, the propaganda is embedded in religion. The TPLF undercover uses religion to make a point about the need for the “Agaiazian” nation and openly demonizes the Muslim citzens of Eritrea and Ethiopia. This you tube TV propaganda is directed at unsuspecting youngsters in Europe who went through tough times and are clinging to religion. The Link for the “Agaiazianstv is below. https://youtu.be/tsNxi5Sam_g

Lessons to be Learned.

The “Agaiazians’ agenda has two objectives. The first objective of the propaganda is to polarize the people of Eritrea vertically. TPLF tried to divide the people of Eritrea based on ethnic groups and failed miserably. Now under the hills of such big failure, TPLF is testing the “Agaiazians” agenda. To be clear the immediate objective of Agaiazian agenda is to divide Eritreans into highlanders and lowlanders. Remember this was tried by Dergue before and failed. The second objective is to serve as a tit of tat to the Eritrean government strategy to work with Ethiopians. TPLF is telling us that if the Eritrean government continues to work with Ethiopians, it will work with Eritreans. The problem with such argument is TPLF has no credibility left in Eritrea.

Conclusion

To make sure that the regions are small enough to be governed by its divide and rule strategy TPLF, has effectively turned Ethiopia into ethnic hamlets. When the Oromos and Amharas rejected its wicked intentions, it asked the Somalis and Afars to send money and cattle to Tigreans who were allegedly expelled from Amhara administrative region. This was never done when the Amhara’s were pushed out from the Beneshangul Gumuz area and begging in the streets of Addis Ababa. The purpose of the latest TPLF strategy was simply to antagonize the Somalis and Afars with the Oromo’s and Amharas. Hence the “Agaiazians” agenda needs to be seen within such context. With the Agazian agenda, TPLF is trying to do the same in Eritrea. Divide Muslims and christens. Therefore, Eritrean Christians and Muslims, be careful of the fox in a sheep skin.



A Saudi visit to Ethiopia and a tweet falsely attributed to a Qatari official have harmed relations between Cairo and Gulf monarchies

By MiddleEastEye

Egyptian media lashed out at Saudi Arabia over a high-level Saudi delegation visit to the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) during a short trip to Ethiopia on Friday. Experts said the decision to visit the GERD was an act of revenge against Egypt that could deepen tensions between the two countries.

Ahmed al-Khateeb, a senior adviser at the Saudi royal court and board chairman of the Saudi Fund for Development (SFD), visited the site and met Ethiopia's Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn and other officials to discuss GERD’s construction project.

Khateeb’s trip came after Saudi agriculture minister visited Ethiopia last week, making it the second visit by a Saudi official to Addis Ababa in less than one week.

On Saturday, Egyptian news commentator Mohamed Ali Khayr called on Riyadh to "review its policies before it can only blame itself for what ensues".

"Egypt is not obliged to continue to contain its reactions towards Saudi Arabia... any interference [by Saudi Arabia] in the GERD project implies a direct threat to Egypt’s national security," he said on Egyptian TV.

Khayr went as far as accusing Saudi policy makers of being "amateurs" that have caused bilateral relations between the two countries to completely break down as a result of this visit.

On Saturday, Ahmed Moussa, another journalist, threatened Saudi Arabia and the Gulf states that if they were to invest in Ethiopia, their investment would be lost in the Nile.

Moussa continued to condemn the visit over his talk show on Sada al-Balad, an Egyptian satellite TV channel.

"The GERD will not last forever, a volcano might erupt at any moment. So for those looking to invest billions [of dollars] in this project, your money might as well be going to waste," said Moussa.

'Egypt has many cards'

Egyptian media personalities were joined in their denunciation of the Saudi visit by several academics who voiced strong criticisms against the Gulf State for its policy.

"You will soon hear that we [Egypt] have the capacity to intervene in the Gulf region's affairs and provide support for the royals who oppose current Saudi policies," Tarek Fahmy, a lecturer at the American University in Cairo, told viewers of Sada al-Balad on Saturday.

Fahmy warned Saudi Arabia that Egypt’s patience is waning and that Cairo will no longer accept actions that threaten its national security.

"Egypt has many cards to pressure Saudi Arabia, which we have yet to use," Fahmy said.

However, he added that Cairo wanted to continue its friendly relations with its "siblings in the Gulf".

Meanwhile, Egyptian political science professor Hassan Nafaa told Daily News Egypt on Sunday that the visit was an indirect message from Saudi Arabia that it could align itself with anyone if Egypt does not comply with Saudi foreign policy.

Nafaa said the visit will likely increase tensions in Saudi-Egyptian relations, saying that Cairo would not be tolerating Saudi’s implicit support for the GERD.

The 6,000-megawatt GERD, which is not yet 70 percent complete, is situated close to Ethiopia’s border with Sudan. While Ethiopia hopes it will be able to export energy generated by the dam, Egypt has long expressed concerns that the dam might reduce the amount of Nile water it receives, thus affecting its main source of irrigation water.

Relations between Cairo and Riyadh have soured since Egypt voted in favour of a UN Security Council draft resolution by Russia regarding the Syrian civil war.

Egypt took an opposing position to Saudi Arabia by choosing to support the Syrian government and army against rebel fighters - Saudi envoy to the UN described Egypt’s vote as "painful".

Since the vote, the Saudi Arabia’s ministry of petroleum said that Aramco, the Saudi state-owned oil company, has suspended its oil aid to Egypt but that the five-year agreement is still in effect.

Egyptian officials, including president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and foreign minister Sameh Shoukry, have repeatedly denied any tension with Saudi Arabia.

Qatari-Egyptian relations shaken


As Egypt’s alliance with Saudi Arabia continues to deteriorate, bilateral relations with Qatar have also been tested in a new series of obstacles.

Tensions grew after a Qatari national wrote on Twitter that Qatar will no longer be issuing work permits for Egyptians.

"Qatar has been extremely patient in regard to Egypt’s 'dirty' policies. It is now time for pay back," he added in the tweet.

After the tweet was mistakenly ascribed to deputy Qatari minister of trade Sultan bin Rashed al-Khater, news of Qatar’s "new policies" spread across Egyptian media platforms with Egyptian commentators condemning the alleged move as an official decision to deny Egyptians entry into the Gulf state.

Spokesperson for the Egyptian prime ministry, Ashraf Sultan, issued a statement denying that Egyptian labourers had been expelled from Saudi Arabia and Qatar and confirming that the news was only a rumour.

In a television interview on Egyptian satellite TV channel Al’asima 2, Sultan said, "We are completely transparent when it comes to information we receive. Any changes would be communicated directly to you all."

Sultan said citizens should verify information before circulating it to avoid the spread of rumours such as this, reported Elwehda Arabic news website.

At the same time, the minister of manpower, Mohammed Saafan, denied reports that Qatar had decided to reject applications by Egyptians for work permits, adding that there were 150,000 Egyptians working in Qatar at the moment.

Saafan said he met with the Qatari minister of labour on Thursday to discuss the rights of Egyptian workers in Qatar, highlighting that Egyptian-Qatari relations continue to be fully respectful.

Meanwhile, Egyptian commentator Jaber al-Qarmouty condemned the Egyptian media for circulating the tweet and building false reports upon it.

"Circulating information without verifying it has resulted in disastrous ramifications, which in this case can only be considered a slap in face of Egyptian media personalities," Elwehda news website quoted Qarmouty as saying.

Relations between Qatar and Egypt have been shaken since Doha showed support for former Egyptian president Mohammed Morsi – who was ousted in a military coup led by then General Abdel Fatah al-Sisi. Qatar has also voiced support for Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood, which was outlawed by Cairo.

Egypt has accused Qatar of using state-funded Al Jazeera news network to tint the image of Egypt’s military by publishing news and documentaries that show the army in a negative light.



Latest News in Ethiopia (Dec. 17)
Musician Freselam Mussie holding the TPLF flag in Tigray, Ethiopia. Freselam is a victim of TPLF's new Agaiazian brainwashing agenda. 


TPLF’s New “Agaiazian” Agenda is The Old and Worn-out “Tigrai-Tigrigna”.


If you believe the Tigrai Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF) will stop surprising you, even for one minute, then you are wrong. Recently, the TPLF that deported more than 70,000 Eritreans because the color of their eyes was different, woke up from its deep sleep to find out that in fact the people of Ethiopia and Eritrea were related. To be specific, it believes the Tigrigna Speaking Eritreans are related to the Tigrigna Speaking Tigreans because they come from common ancestors called “Agaiazians”. Yes, from deep of it heart TPLF believes there are common threats to the newly named and TPLF baptized “Agaiazians. TPLF wants us to believe that the common threats are the Oromo’s, the Amhara’s and off course the Moslems and it is important for the “Agaiazians” to come together and fight their enemies.

Here you have. The TPLF that instigated a border war and killed more than 19,000 Eritreans and still continues to occupy sovereign Eritrean territories, planned and executed a failed economic, political and military siege against Eritrea suddenly woke up from its deep sleep and found out that Eritreans are in fact related to Ethiopians and particularly to Tigreans. For those who have gone through the worn-out “Tigrai-Tigrini” propaganda, TPLF’s new “Agaiazians” agenda is nothing but a laughing stock. However, for those who are new to the propaganda, investigating it a little further may not hurt at all. The propaganda is pushed at three fronts: Simerr Paltalk, Aiga forum and the so called “Agaiazianstv”.

“Simerr Paltalk”.

Some months ago the TPLF financed “Simerr Paltalk” was in turmoil. The reason for that turmoil was because some unsuspecting members of the pal talk found out that $5000 was deposited to their bank account without their knowledge. When the news leaked, it was discovered that a Woyane operative by the name Berhe Desta “Aka Pilot” was in fact the one who brought the money from TPLF and incentivized those who performed well in the pal talk. To be clear good performance in “Simerr Pal talk” is measured by the person’s effectiveness in attacking the people and government of Eritrea. Remember Berhe Desta’s (Aka Pilot) first assignment was to defame the Eritrean women fighters and undermine their contribution to the liberation of Eritrea. I bet he must have been paid a lot of money for that. By the way that explains the mind set of TPLF.

Back to the story. Based on that measurement of effectiveness, those who performed well were entitled to the $5000 TPLF incentive and were paid accordingly. As the turmoil progressed some members, obviously those who did not receive the incentive, asked for every administrator in the Pal talk to disclose his/her identity. When the question was posed to the main TPLF stooge and Bereket Simon’s personal messenger who goes by the nick name “Amiche”, he started performing a circus in the already circus filled Pal talk room. First he said he would tell his identity only to some select administrators. When pushed further, he said he was from the Tigrina Ethnic group. Again when probed further he argued that he did not have to name the country or village because the Tigrina of Eritrea were the same as the Tigrina of Tigrai. Here you have, Amiche was forced to expose the hidden “Agaiazians” agenda given to him by his TPLF bosses.

Aiga Forum

After the TPLF was totally rejected by the Oromos and Amharas, the “Agaiazians” propaganda started to get some traction in Aigaform. On September 13, 2016 a writer by the pen name “Abadi Abay” provided a detailed analysis of the “Agaiazians” agenda. Unconfirmed reports describe the person behind the commentary as being Bereket Simon. The fact that Aiga forum is considered the mouth piece of TPLF, the commentary was a clear evidence that in fact the Agazian agenda has been pushed by TPLF at the highest level. Some Eritreans were angry at the commentary and gave a rebuttal to it. Mr. Abadi Abay never responded. For those who are interested, you can read Mr. Abadi Abay’s analysis on the link below.


“Agaiazians” TV.

Since the commentary was published at Aiga forum, it has been common to see different TPLF operatives repeating the “Agaiazians” agenda. What is different about the YouTube based so called “Agaiaziantv” is, the propaganda is embedded in religion. The TPLF undercover uses religion to make a point about the need for the “Agaiazian” nation and openly demonizes the Muslim citzens of Eritrea and Ethiopia. This you tube TV propaganda is directed at unsuspecting youngsters in Europe who went through tough times and are clinging to religion. The Link for the “Agaiazianstv is below. https://youtu.be/tsNxi5Sam_g

Lessons to be Learned.

The “Agaiazians’ agenda has two objectives. The first objective of the propaganda is to polarize the people of Eritrea vertically. TPLF tried to divide the people of Eritrea based on ethnic groups and failed miserably. Now under the hills of such big failure, TPLF is testing the “Agaiazians” agenda. To be clear the immediate objective of Agaiazian agenda is to divide Eritreans into highlanders and lowlanders. Remember this was tried by Dergue before and failed. The second objective is to serve as a tit of tat to the Eritrean government strategy to work with Ethiopians. TPLF is telling us that if the Eritrean government continues to work with Ethiopians, it will work with Eritreans. The problem with such argument is TPLF has no credibility left in Eritrea.

Conclusion

To make sure that the regions are small enough to be governed by its divide and rule strategy TPLF, has effectively turned Ethiopia into ethnic hamlets. When the Oromos and Amharas rejected its wicked intentions, it asked the Somalis and Afars to send money and cattle to Tigreans who were allegedly expelled from Amhara administrative region. This was never done when the Amhara’s were pushed out from the Beneshangul Gumuz area and begging in the streets of Addis Ababa. The purpose of the latest TPLF strategy was simply to antagonize the Somalis and Afars with the Oromo’s and Amharas. Hence the “Agaiazians” agenda needs to be seen within such context. With the Agazian agenda, TPLF is trying to do the same in Eritrea. Divide Muslims and christens. Therefore, Eritrean Christians and Muslims, be careful of the fox in a sheep skin.




By ESAT News (December 15, 2016)

A member of the European Parliament called for the European Union to end its complicity with the Ethiopian regime that kills peaceful protesters and jails journalists and political opponents.

Ana Maria Gomes made an impassioned plea to members of the European Union to end their silence over the crimes perpetrated by the regime.

Mrs. Gomes specifically mentioned the recent arrest of Dr. Merara Gudina, Chairman of the Oromo Federalist Congress, who was put behind bars after returning from Europe, where he testified at the European Parliament against the tyrannical regime in Ethiopia.

Mrs. Gomes, who reminded the Member of Parliament that the undemocratic regime in Ethiopia is the top recipient of European aid in Africa urged European governments to end complicity with the regime.

“How many Ethiopian citizens will have to die and how close Ethiopia has to come to civil war to end EU’s complicity with this Brutal and callous dictatorship?” she asked the Parliament.

MP Ana Gomes has been an ardent supporter of Ethiopians in their struggle against a brutal regime that loves to hate her.


By EU Reporter

The controversial issue of Mediterranean migration promises to be top of the Maltese government’s EU agenda. One of the key questions concerns how to manage migration flows in the Mediterranean, which have reached record levels in the last three years.

According to the EU border agency Frontex, migration to Europe by Africans has climbed in 2016 as the number of migrants using the Central Mediterranean route from Libya to Italy has increased by 13%.

To tackle this, the last 12 months have seen a flourishing of new initiatives, starting with the EU Trust Fund, plus the Migration Partnerships Framework.

Within this scheme, today the EU today announced financial support to Niger in the amount of € 610 million in 2016. This includes €470m under the 2016 Annual Programme of Action (PAA), comprising six financing agreements, three of which are in the form of budget support. The Emergency Trust Fund for Africa will also be boosted to the tune of €140m. Among the first beneficiaries of the Trust Fund have been priority countries identified by the European Commission. Other than Niger, Ethiopia (€97m) and Mali (€91.5m) are the largest recipients of funds.

Such generous financial support is generally seen as a noble objective. But the respected European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR) points out that the danger of “migration partnership funding, despite good intentions, is that the current conditionality, based simply on the exchange between money and keeping migration flows as close to zero as possible, risks creating the circumstances for violations of the human rights of migrants.”

There is also the risk of “refoulment”, or the forced return of refugees or asylum seekers to a country where they could be subjected to persecution.

As the ECFR argues, tying refugee flows to aid is a recipe for potential disaster that will dent the EU’s reputation in Africa and do precious little to address the image that the West is more than happy to work with dictators despite its human rights grandstanding. Worse, throwing money at the problem will do precious little to address the deep structural issues that have created the refugee crisis in the first place, which stem from poor governance, high unemployment, conflict and paltry living conditions.

Accusations don’t end there. The EU’s pursuit of trade deals with the African continent, ostensibly aimed at the betterment of African lives, suffers from similar problems.

Recently, and after nearly a decade of negotiations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), comprising Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland, signed the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the 28 member states of the EU.

The granting of free access to the vast EU market is lauded as a coup for the continued economic progress of the developing nations involved.

But whether it will have the intended effect is still very much unclear. It is argued that instead of pursuing trade deals, Europe should work to help address the African continent’s deepest structural problems.

The fishing industry in Mozambique, one of the signatories of the EPA, serves as a poignant example. The country is suffering from rampant illegal fishing practices and wracked by civil war.

Mozambique, disproportionately reliant on its fisheries for both foreign reserve income and feeding its citizenry, is losing up to US$65 million from its economy every year because of illegal fishing. The country is currently battling criticism over the way a government financed a deal to buy patrol boats, essential to improving the lives of its coastal communities. An EPA offers little hope of alleviating the plight of fisheries, whereas a joint initiative on fishing would instead have the potential to increase export revenue and serve as a catalyst for job generation. Mozambique’s failure to properly deploy the patrol boats adds to the plight.

Ethiopia is another case in point. The country is one of the largest recipients of donor aid in Africa, receiving almost $3 billion in 2015 despite allegations of human rights abuses associated with some development programmes. Human Rights Watch (HRW) says that in 2015 there were continuing government crackdowns on opposition political party members, journalists, and peaceful protesters, many of whom experienced harassment, arbitrary arrest, and politically motivated prosecutions. A HRW spokesman said: “There are no indications that donors have strengthened the monitoring and accountability provisions needed to ensure that their development aid does not contribute to or exacerbate human rights problems in Ethiopia.”

By bankrolling regimes like Ethiopia, the EU is becoming complicit in keeping in power the very causes that have bolstered the waves of refugees fleeing to Europe.

Niger is in a similar situation. A country rich in natural resources, including uranium and oil, Niger is far from stable, and corruption, food shortages and porous borders remain serious problems. It currently sits in last place on the U.N. Development Program’s Human Development Index.

Just a few days ago, Malian and EU officials signed a deal to expedite the return of migrants to the North African country. More than 10,000 Malian migrants have so far illegally entered Europe since the start of 2015 and the deal is the first time the EU has established such a precise mechanism with an African country with regards to returning failed asylum seekers.

Leading MEP Gabriele Zimmer, who leads the GUE group in the European Parliament, is critical of the process of relocating refugees and agreements with third countries in stopping people from crossing the Mediterranean.

The German MEP said: “Member states are pushing for agreements and partnerships with third countries modelled on the dirty EU-Turkey deal. This deal is inappropriate if the EU wants to respect its own values and rules like human rights. Furthermore, this is the EU outsourcing its own responsibilities to weaker and poorer countries.”

Looking to the future, Mattia Toaldo, a senior policy fellow on the European Council on Foreign Relations Middle East and North Africa programme, has authored a report on migration and EU funding and has issued a list of five recommendations for the bloc, including:

Increase intra-African mobility and support local absorption capacity;

work towards processing asylum requests in third countries;

allow for some legal circular migration to Europe;

use remittances to promote development, and;

support voluntary rather than forced returns.

All eyes now turn to 1 January and the incoming Maltese presidency of the EU and the actions it will initiate to address what is one of the most pressing issues facing the European Union.
AU Chairperson Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma


By Ismail Akwei

The African Union has expressed concern about Ethiopia’s current State of Emergency against the upcoming Heads of State Summit in the capital Addis Ababa in January 2017.

The concerns were raised by the Chairperson Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma who met with the newly appointed Ethiopian Minister of Foreign Affairs at the AU Headquarters on Tuesday.

The minister Dr. Workneh Gebeyehu allayed the fears of the AU chairperson by assuring that “the situation had now calmed down substantially and nothing untoward was anticipated to occur that could disrupt the Summit proceedings”.

“The Government was fully engaging the people, with a view to find solutions to the teething issues, such as the persistent problem of youth unemployment which gives way to the exploitation of idle hands,” a statement from the AU quoted the minister.

He also expressed hope that the relationship between Ethiopia and the African Union to remain solid and assume its position as the capital of Africa.

Dlamini Zuma praised the cooperation of the Ethiopian government.

Ethiopia declared a state of emergency on October 9 to curb the unrest which turned violent leading to damage of properties including those of local and international businesses.

Before the State of Emergency was imposed, over 50 people died on October 2 in a stampede at a festival in Bishoftu after police fired teargas and warning shots to disperse protesters at the event.

At least 500 people have been killed and thousands arrested in the wave of anti-government protests in the Amhara and Oromia regions over the past months.

International bodies including the United Nations and the European Union have called on the Ethiopian government to exercise restraint against protesters.